- Industry: Tourism, sugar, clothing, copra
- Agriculture: Sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle; fish
- Exports: Sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish
(Source: National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition)
Fiji officially the Republic of Fiji is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand’s North Island. Its closest neighbors are Vanuatu to the West, New Caledonia to the Southwest, New Zealand’s Kermadec Islands to the Southeast, Tonga to the East, the Samoas and France’s Wallis and Futuna to the Northeast, and Tuvalu to the North.
The majority of Fiji’s islands were formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Fiji has been inhabited since the second millennium BC. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch and the British explored Fiji, this was a Crown Colony until 1970, this administration lasting almost a century. During World War II, thousands of Fijians volunteered to aid in Allied efforts via their attachment to the New Zealand and Australian army units.
Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific island realm due to an abundance of forest, mineral, and fish resources. Today, the main sources of foreign exchange are its tourist industry and sugar exports. The country’s currency is the Fijian dollar.